Hypertension is more commonly known as raised blood pressure. It rarely causes symptoms but is very important, as hypertension is known to be associated with an increased risk of both heart attacks and strokes. Hypertension is diagnosed after a series of blood pressure readings have been taken that are found to be in excess of the current recommendations. Treatment measures include losing weight, taking exercise and reducing the amount of salt in the diet. Most patients with hypertension will have to take medication at some stage. The level at which treatment should be started is a matter of some debate, and is discussed in the papers cited below.
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Society guidelines for hypertension management
Tight blood pressure control and risk of
macrovascular and microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes: UKPDS 38
Systematic review of randomised controlled trials
of multiple risk factor interventions for preventing coronary heart disease
What constitutes controlled hypertension?
Patient based comparison of hypertension
British guidelines on managing hypertension